Uttarakhand, the divine land filled with the refreshing aura, offering you the visual treat has yet another reason to draw you to this epitome of heaven. This state has numerous sites with a lot of cultural and heritage importance. Take you to one such site which is known for the rock edicts of Emperor Ashoka, who is famous for his greatness all over the world.

While going from Dehradun to Kalsi, a small river meets the Yamuna river some distance before Kalsi, Amlava. The 13th inscription in the fourteen inscriptions of the Maurya king Ashoka is situated at the confluence of the Amlava and Yamuna rivers. This place holds significant importance as in entire North India only Kalsi has an inscription of Emperor Ashoka. During the Mahabharata period, the ruler of Kalsi was King Virat and his capital was Biratnagar. At the time of exile, Pandavas changed their form and stayed with King Virat. The Chinese traveler Hiuen Tsang identified this area as ‘Sudhnagar’ in the seventh century. It is believed that the destruction of the stupas of Kalsi took place in 1254 AD. It was discovered by the British man Forrest in 1860 AD.

The Kalsi inscription is built on a big rock. In this inscription, the figure of an elephant has been made, under which the word Gajetam is written. The elephant is shown descending from the sky. The height of this structure is 10 feet and the width is 8 feet. The Kalsi region has been addressed with the word “Aparant” and Kalsi residents with the word “Pulinda”. The inscription is related to the internal administration of Ashoka.

Along with this, the rock tells about the emperor’s attitude, moral, spiritual, and fatherly relationship with the subjects, his commitment to non-violence, and the emperor’s renunciation in the war. Ashoka had made prohibitive and experimental policies for these works. These prohibitive policies of Ashoka included worldly entertainment, animal sacrifice, indulgence in unnecessary activities, self-control in self-examination and practical policies, self-restraint, purity of mind, qatgyat, service to parents, service, and charity to brahmins and sanyasis and religious subjects. But there is a speech of mutual reconciliation.

This rock has its importance. The language of the articles written on this rock is Prakrit and the script is Brahmi. Situated amidst the pristine nature, one can get an ample amount of knowledge about the reign of this greatest ruler. These inscriptions located in Kalsi give evidence that these teachings propounded by Emperor Ashoka were not mere sermons. These were also used in practice. This is a treasure of our history. If you are someone who loves to get connected to the great Indian history and explore our legacy, you must check out this place.


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